• 26th May 2024

Differentiating Factors of a Urologist and a Nephrologist

Photo of body of doctor in white lab coat with stethoscope on his neck in half-turn with folded hands against white wall in hospital with light source on left. Concept image of medical worker

Nephrologists and urologists are authorized to treat the same conditions related to the kidney and thus people often get confused about whom to consult if they have a kidney-related issue. These medical practices often get overlapped. Nephrologists treat a patient with kidney issues, like diseases that affect the kidney and the ability of the kidney to function. On the other hand, urologists treat diseases that can affect the urinary tract and also those that can be affected by the kidney like kidney stones or any other obstruction. Often nephrologists and urologists coordinate and treat the same patient if the requirement arises. However, if you want to get treated for urological problems then you can visit a urologist in Brooklyn New York


There are several kidney-related problems that can be treated both by urologists and nephrologists. But the specific function of urology is to deal with the problems arising in the urinary tracks.

They treat the anatomical and structural problems of the urinary tract and the organs related to it. The areas that a urologist can treat are:

  • Prostate 
  • Adrenal glands
  • Testes
  • Urethra
  • Penis
  • Kidney
  • Epididymis
  • Semi vesicles
  • Vas deferens

To add up, urology also includes some surgical procedures such as circumcision and vasectomy, that nephrology does not. Some of the common urological diseases that need attention specifically from urologists are:

  • Urinary bladder problems
  • Anatomical kidney defects
  • Ureter conditions
  • Conditions of male genitals
  • Adrenal problems
  • Urinary tract infection


The main aim of nephrology is to treat the diseases that affect our kidneys and their functions. There are several diseases that can affect the kidney like diabetes and high blood pressure. The array of services that are offered by nephrologists are:

  • Blood pressure monitoring
  • Fluid and electrolyte management to keep the body balance
  • Performs dialysis. The nephrologist monitors the dialysis process and monitors the need of kidney transplant depending on your health and the condition of the kidneys.
  • Prescribing medication

Here are some of the reasons that you should consult a nephrologist:

  • Chronic kidney disease or acute kidney failure
  • Dialysis treatment
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Hypertension 


If you have confusion about whom to consult then you might first go to a general physician and ask them for a referral. They will diagnose you primarily and depending upon your symptoms they will suggest who will be better to consult a nephrologist or a urologist. 

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